Musquito and Bulldog are sent to Norfolk Island where they remain as prisoners until in 1813 they are sent to Van Diemens Land. (Vincent Smith p. 66)


Bennelong dies and is buried in the garden of James Esquire, possibly where a boatshed used to stand in Waterview Street, Ryde, in what is now Bennelong Park. Over time the site of the burial becomes lost, but in 2011 it is claimed that the actual site may be identified soon. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2011/03/20/3168672.htm?section=justin; see also Keith Vincent Smith, 'Bennelong among his people' in Aboriginal History Vol 33

Mahroot goes on many voyages from about 1809. In 1813 he writes to Governor Macquarie, “Sir, my name is Merute an inhabitant and native of this country. I agreed verbally for plenty of money and clothes and can obtain nothing, is this an encouragement to us? (p. 152) - These voyages continue until 1822 after which he settles down in Kameygal country. (Vincent Smith p. 149)

  • Aborigine climbing tree, courtesy of National Library of Australia



An Aboriginal sailor, when asked why he plans to rejoin his own people, replies, ‘when will you keep me company, or when any white man or woman keep me company? White men will marry white men, but no white woman will have me; then why wish me to keep away from my own people, when no other will look upon me? (Sydney Gazette, 1/1/1814)

  • Nepean men by Alphonse Pellion 1817-20
  • Governor Lachlan Macquarie 1762-1824


Governor Macquarie establishes the Native Institution for Children at Parramatta. A few years later it is moved to Blacktown. Though the site no longer functions as a school after 1829, its remains at Blacktown can be seen until the 1920s.


Jane Brooks writes of how Koorie people live in the Domain ‘in their gunyahs made of bushes.’ She also remembers seeing ‘the very tiny canoes with a gin (Koorie woman) fishing in them, quite alone, sometimes with a streak of smoke from it, and we supposed she was cooking.’ (Karskens, p. 209)

  • Gooseberry and Kitten's breast plates
  • Joseph Lycett's painting of Natives and the North Shore of Sydney Harbour


Many long time Sydney residents still know some Aboriginal people by name. They are accustomed to their nakedness or motley clothing, their feuds and their politics. They are provided with food, fishhooks and clothes and boat crews continue to exploit them as workers - but listen to the news they carry. Colonists uphold the Sydney tradition of non-interference in Aboriginal business, for within the law English administrators do not harass them. (Karskens, p. 446)

The French artist Jacques Arago visits Sydney and makes sketches of Aboriginal men.


Several Aboriginal people are hanged at Hangman’s Hill at the corner of George and Essex Street at the rocks. Their bodies are seen swinging at the end of the rope for several weeks.

Bundle, from Sydney, is hunting seals on Kangaroo Island. (Vincent Smith p. 26)

Macquarie bans Koori revenge or marriage disputes altogether, stating that ‘the practice of assembling in large Bodies armed, fighting and attacking ... at or near Sydney and other principal Towns and Settlements will be abolished as a barbarous Custom, repugnant to British Laws.’ (Karskens, p. 445)

  • Visiting Colebee, Port Jackson
  • Weapons from early days of the Sydney colony


Macquarie sends out 3 detachments of soldiers, accompanied by Aboriginal guides, to punish Koori warriors in the south-west.