Topics: Culture

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West - view

the knowledge and stories that were shared with him need to be taught to younger generations and to Australians in general.

South West - view

Cultural Camps at Cataract Scout Park

Central - view

set up The Aboriginal Legal Service

South West - view

the story of the lyrebird and how it came to speak all languages

South Coastal - view

“This is how they say: read the land.” Auntie Pamela Young , a ranger at Kamay National Park, teaches a group of schoolchildren about the Aboriginal calendar by showing them the acacia wattle flowers. When they bloom the women and girls were taught that the whales were migrating , it was good lobster hunting time and that the medicine on the tree was ready.

South West - view

mother spoke Dharawal language at home

South West - view

Culture Camp at Cataract Scout Park

Central - view

1974 the All Blacks won the South Sydney League

South West - view

sites her mother and other relatives took her to and how she feels when she returns to D’harawal country

South Coastal - view

Aboriginal dance group performed for Taumarunui High School’s cultural group who visited from New Zealand

South West - view

Auntie June lives with many questions about her cultural background, but feels proud

West - view

information discovered about the movement of Darug people and local art sites.

Central - view

They won two premierships and ten knockouts

West - view

Leanne Tobin explains how her Darug identity informs her relation to country

South Coastal - view

shell middens

South West - view

grandparents vying with each other to pass on their knowledge

South West - view

remembering people and events of the past and celebrating what is being brought forward. (Includes footage of the dancing and the march itself.)

Before Cook - North Coastal - view

Koori people are living on the east coast of Australia. Observers of the first fleet note many formal ceremonies including burying and cremating the dead, and initiation rituals such as ‘era-bad-djang’ where the upper right incisor tooth of young males is loosened and knocked out (this called yoothsay in Cameraigal language). Koradji (clever men) carry out ceremonial rituals, often in the higher, sandstone country. Young girls have the first two joints of the little finger removed by pressure from spider web or wild string tied children. They become ‘mal-gum’ fisher women. Observers in the First Fleet also note the very large number of rock engraving (at least 180 art sites in the Hawkesbury River region). Some are secret-sacred sites for men and women, other are for the education of young people to be initiated. Subjects represented in carvings include Daramulan, the one legged god who is present at initiation ceremonies and Baiami, the sky-culture hero. Other subjects represented on rock platforms are mundoes (footprints), fish and ancestral beings and stories engravings. Koories also produce ochre paintings of animals and handprints. In both cave and on rock platforms, totemic figures were also reproduced in soil and sand during ceremony. (See NSW Department of Education and Training nd, http://www.rumbalara-e.schools.nsw.edu.au/publications/mypeople1.pdf ) Many blade and axe grinding sites are still to be found, mostly near running water. Trade items like chert stones from the Upper Hawkesbury are traded to make axes and for artefacts used in ceremonies. Also traded are stones for tool making, food, clay, whale blubber and ochre. Koori women and men use bone awls (needles) to sew possum skin cloaks, and fashion fishhooks by grinding sea shells. Inter-tribal fights and ritual spearings are not uncommon.

Before Cook - North Coastal - view

Other discoveries in middens include bone points with drilled holes or grass-tree resin glued to them, and small stone tools. Women collect shellfish. Men use spears for fish, eastern grey kangaroo, swamp wallaby, red necked wallaby. Men and women hunt bandicoot, echidna, goanna, snake and birds and many other species. Huts are made of grass and bark ‘Kokorre’ . A drink is made ‘Bool’ from soaking Banksia blossoms in water and allowed to ferment to make an invigorating drink. Koories carry out annual burn-offs in late winter to assist in the capture of grass-eating animals. The green pick attracts game such as kangaroos and emus so they can be managed in a sustainable way. They gather sometimes annually at sites where traditionally food is available, for ceremonial business or for settlement of grievances, initiation ceremonies, betrothal and marriage, corroborees for the renewal of the natural environment and benevolent spirits. Bora grounds are used for some ceremonies. Clan meetings attract large numbers from Manly Cove, Collins Cove and Farm Cove. (Attenbrow 2003)

Before Cook - North Coastal - view

The Guringai (Kuringai) speakers are thought to be the original inhabitants of northern Sydney and the inner eastern harbour regions. Guringai-speaking clans of about 40 to 60 people were made up of smaller extended family groups of perhaps a dozen people.